The Chasseen were Europe's first farmers
. They were originally hunter-gatherers, but through trial and error plus the influx of immigrants from the Fertile Crescent, they became farmers. Chasseen women were the primary agents behind changing the culture from gathering to gardening and eventually to farming. The men changed only after the women showed them that if they lived communally and depended on farming, it would not only sustain them, they could thrive with surplus food for everyone. The Chasseen men did not totally abandon hunting, but gradually changed from a nomadic life-style to a sedentary one. They slowly progressed into farmers.
Help in learning how to farm came in the form of immigrants. Most evidence suggests that a great famine in the Futile Crescent
drove many of the people from that area northward around the top of the Mediterranean and west into Europe. These immigrants, Natufians
for the most part, had been farming for centuries and they brought a life-style of growing crops and raising livestock. They quickly completed the Chasseen progress from hunter to farmer, settling into communities and traded with the indigenous Chasseen. There were not enough Natufians to replace the Chasseen, but were absorbed by the Chasseen as they traded skills and knowledge.
Chasseen societies evolved at different levels and strengths in different areas of Europe, depending on the knowledge of the Fertile Crescent immigrants and how much of the adaptations were taken up by the Chasseen in an area. In most areas of Europe, the Chasseen had a social structure that was non-gender based, with women taking an equal leadership role in both constructing new farm-based communities and in guiding food production. Women were leaders in adapting to a permanent, sedentary life-style. Along with these adaptations to farming came class structure, slavery and economic principles. This new class structure made different things, and people, have a higher or lower value depending on their social worth.
From the evidence, the early Chasseen culture developed into the beginnings of our current socio-economic society. With the Chasseen, economic and social status became a governing principal. The whole community became an economic engine to survive and grow, but as a result, it divided people into social classes.
This is the period when slavery started in Europe. Hunter-gatherers did not need slaves because there was no practical use for slavery. In contrast, many more hands were needed to maintain a farm. But because women had such a low live-birthrate, slavery became essential to building an agricultural workforce for their society. Personal value rose with those who became successful farmers, and success led to a need for dominance to perpetuate value.
As the people changed from hunters to farmers, they experienced a complete life-style change. Not only did they change their society by becoming sedentary, they created an economic structure to fit their new life. An unequal personal value system generated a need for security of personal value and wealth - warriors. There was also a religious life-style change, too. This was a complete upheaval of every aspect of their existence.
A loose social structure came about during the Chasseen period around a four-class system: priests, warriors, farmers and slaves.
The priests and priestesses were usually the dominant, but smallest class. They were the interpreters for the gods. The gods needed to be consulted because the gods ruled by unknown rules and misunderstandings. The Chasseen were prehistoric but smart and knew how to adapt to their natural surroundings. But since there were no scientific principals, it was accepted that the gods made all the decisions about how the world worked. The people believed there was nothing to try to understand about the world other than it worked by the desires of their gods.
The religious class were the scientific ones. Not science as we moderns know it, but more of a blend of logic, astronomy and mysticism. An understanding of basic logic was used to portray the obedience required of their gods. However, the religious class did not care to experiment to understand how or why scientific principles worked, they just used the principles for their own purpose.
The warrior class was below religion during peace times and higher during conflicts. If the community was prone to violence to gain dominance or to survive, the warrior class was the higher class. However, the warriors depended on the scientific minds of the religious class to provide approval from the gods and mechanical innovations for expanding tribal warfare.
The next class was the farmer; slavery being the lowest. To generate an economy, the farmer class accepted slavery. Farmers realized that more hands meant more food and the quickest way to get more hands was through slavery. At first, neighboring villages could be decimated and the villagers enslaved. But as farming grew, the slave trade in far-away foreigners became another trading tool to boost the economy - foreigners of different cultures, different religions or different skin color. Late in Chasseen history, traders and sailors became a class of themselves, just above the slaves but dependent on the farming class.
After the Chasseen culture waned, the warrior class, predominantly male, became the dominant class as the society broke down into waring factions. The later societies in different parts of Europe evolved, through local strife and invasions, into a socio-economic structure of male rule and male authority in society, religion, economics and farming.
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